Appeal applications

If you're dissatisfied with a decision under the Building Act 1993 or the Building Regulations, you may have the right to apply to the Building Appeals Board (BAB) to appeal that decision. In exceptional circumstances, you may be eligible for a fast track appeal.The BAB can hear appeals regarding:

  • refusal to issue an occupancy or building permit
  • temporary approval to occupy a building
  • refusal to consent to the termination of a building surveyor's appointment
  • decisions regarding protection works
  • a building notice, building order or emergency order
  • a decision under the regulations
  • a decision of the Victorian Building Authority under the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 2002
  • a Council decision under Part 14 of the Residential Tenancies Act 1997 (caravan parks and movable dwellings)

You can lodge an appeal if you are:

  • the owner of the building or land
  • a representative acting on behalf of the owner
  • a reporting authority
  • the building surveyor
  • an adjoining owner in matters involving adjoining property protection work

What to submit to the BAB

As part of your application you must submit:

  1. the completed application form
  2. a detailed written submission outlining your application's:
    • nature - the section of the Act under which you're applying
    • grounds - the reason for your application
    • relief - your desired outcome
  3. the application fee. Visit our Forms & Fees page to find out how much your application will cost

Providing sufficient evidence with your application is very important. You can include drawings, photographs, plans or expert reports.

You must send copies of your initial application and all subsequent correspondence to any other parties in the matter.

Once you've submitted your application

We will send you a letter of acknowledgement within 21 days of receiving your completed application.

Your hearing will be listed within 8–12 weeks of us receiving your fully completed application, so long as no further information is required by the Board.

Appeals are typically heard on Thursday mornings by a panel of three Board members and are open to the public. Find out what happens during a hearing

You should receive a determination within 16 weeks of submitting a completed application.

Appeal application forms

FORMSECTION(S)
BAB Application form - General appeals (315KB) 138 139 142 144
BAB Application form - Appeal against VBA decision (225KB) 140 144A
BAB Application form - Protection work appeal (250KB) 141
BAB Application form - Fast track appeal (228KB) 147

To find out how much your application will cost, visit our Forms & Fees page.

Fast track appeals

Section 147 of the Building Act 1993 (the Act), provides for any party to an appeal to request fast track consideration of the appeal.

Section 147 of the Act states:

  1. On an appeal under Division 1 any party to the appeal may request the Building Appeals Board to begin to hear or otherwise deal with the appeal within 2 business days after the request is made.
  2. A request under subsection (1) –
    1. Must be in writing; and
    2. Must be accompanied by the prescribed fee.
  3. The Building Appeals Board may grant or refuse the request and, if it grants the request, may require the person making the request to pay –
    1. The reasonable costs of all parties to the appeal for the proceedings after the request is granted; and
    2. If the Board hears the appeal, an additional prescribed fee for the time taken for the hearing (including any adjourned hearing) excluding the first 2 hours of the hearing.

How the BAB assesses Fast Track Applications

Parties requesting fast track consideration of an appeal should provide submissions and evidence that demonstrate the reasons for the fast track application.

In determining whether to grant a request for fast track consideration of an appeal, the BAB may consider the following:

  • Public Safety – If the building works were to not commence or temporarily cease due to a pending appeal hearing, would that cause a significant risk to the safety of the public? What measures are currently in place to manage any risks? What is the likelihood of the building work failing?
  • Public Interest – Is there an imperative in the public interest for the building works to start and/or continue?
  • Local Neighbourhood Amenity – Will disruptive construction processes be unreasonably prolonged, resulting in significant detriment to neighbourhood amenity?
  • Financial Hardship – Will a delay in hearing the appeal cause significant financial hardship to the parties associated with the appeal? (This needs to be proven through calculations and evidence, which may include bank statements, project loss calculations etc.)

When will a Fast Track Application be refused?

The fast track process is not intended to be a method by which parties can seek earlier determination of their appeal simply by paying additional fees.

For example, fast track would not normally be granted simply because:

  • the standard processing time for an appeal is an inconvenience to Parties.
  • the standard processing time presents a financial inconvenience or imposes holding costs to Parties.
  • the Parties plan to undertake a holiday within the standard processing time.
  • the project has already been delayed for other reasons eg. town planning approvals

The fast track consideration of an appeal is at the discretion of the BAB.

How to apply for a Fast Track Appeal

An application for fast track consideration of a matter can only be made by a Party to the appeal (i.e. the applicant or the respondent).

The fast track application form can be found here.

All fast track applications submitted to the BAB (including any submission or evidence forming part of that application) must be provided to all parties to the proceedings at the same time as the application is submitted to the BAB.

Fees

A fast track application form must be accompanied by the prescribed fee and the payment form which can be found here.

The BAB only accepts payment in the form of credit card, bank cheque or money order made out to the Victorian Building Authority must be provided with the application upon lodgement.

Representatives

Applications made by a representative acting on behalf of a Party must be accompanied by an 'Authority to act form' signed by the party for whom the representative is acting.

The 'Authority to act form' can be found on pages 4-5 of the fast track application form.

Where to send your application


By e-mail

registry@buildingappeals.vic.gov.au

In person
Victorian Building Authority
Goods Shed North
733 Bourke Street
Docklands, Melbourne

By mail
Building Appeals Board
PO Box 536
Melbourne VIC 3001

Relevant legislation

Building Act 1993 - Sections 138–144A and 147

Building Regulations 2018

Building Code of Australia 2016

Residential Tenancies Act 1997 - Part 14

Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 2002 - Sections 42 and 43